Poet:  Victor Hugo (1802-1885)

Source:  Quatre Chansons Françaises

Date of Composition:  1928 (Jun. 17 – Aug. 21)

Publication: Faber Music, 1982

Voice Difficulty Level:  Moderate

Subject:  Joyful innocence of a young child while his mother lay dying.

Range:  E4 - G#5

Tessitura:  F4 - E5

Tempo:  Animato; C

Duration:  4:15

Vocal Characteristics: Short phrases; moving vocal lines; quintuplet; one sustained G#5

Piano Difficulty Level: Difficult

Accompaniment Characteristics: Orchestral reduction; reflects the differing characters of the story; constant moving triplets between hands; 8 ms. postlude

Additional Comments: Britten Thematic Catalog http://www.brittenproject.org/works/BTC587

© Nicholas Perna and Mandy Spivak 2013