Poet:  Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891)

Source:  Les Illuminations

Date of Composition:  1939 (Oct. 4)

Publication: Boosey & Hawkes, 1944

Voice Difficulty Level: Moderately Difficult

Subject:  A descriptive dream, and a desire to return.

Range:  B3 – A5

Tessitura:  C5 – F5

Tempo:  Allegro energico; 4/4

Duration:  02:23

Vocal Characteristics: Syllabic eighth notes with shorter legato moments; ascending and descending chromatic motion; octave leaps; A5 preceded by grace notes; jumpy staccato quartal based phrases

Piano Difficulty Level:  Difficult

Accompaniment Characteristics: Piano transcription by the composer, repetitive accented eighth note chords; extended sixteenth notes between hands; multiple techniques to bring out varying instrumental voices

© Nicholas Perna and Mandy Spivak 2013