Poet:  Paul Verlaine (1844-1896)

Source:  Quatre Chansons Françaises

Date of Composition:  1928 (Jun. 17 – Aug. 21)

Publication: Faber Music, 1982*

Voice Difficulty Level: Moderate

Subject:  Reflection on life

Range:  F4 - G5

Tessitura:  B4 - Eb5

Tempo: Lento ma non troppo; C

Duration:  02:42

Vocal Characteristics: Ascending and descending lines mostly in step-wise motion; chromatic alteration throughout; one high-lying phrase; simple rhythms

Piano Difficulty Level:  Difficult

Accompaniment Characteristics: Orchestral reduction; multiple voices between hands; constantly moving sixteenth notes;

Additional Comments: Multiple meter shifts; Britten Thematic Catalog

© Nicholas Perna and Mandy Spivak 2013