Poet:  Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891)

Source:  Les Illuminations

Date of Composition:  1939 (Mar. 18)

Publication: Boosey & Hawkes, 1944

Voice Difficulty Level: Difficult

Subject:  Boats float on the sea.

Range:  E4 – Bb5

Tessitura:  A4 – E5

Tempo: Allegro con brio; 3/4

Duration:  01:00

Vocal Characteristics: Accented detached jumpy eighth-note, pointilistic melody followed by fast sixteenth scalar passage; similar pointilistic eighth-note passage but on the off beats followed by more scalar passages with chromatics; ending on full bodied A5

Piano Difficulty Level:  Difficult

Accompaniment Characteristics: Piano transcription by the composer; fast sixteenth-note patterns in the right hand; pointilistic eighth notes in the left hand; reversed idea for a time

© Nicholas Perna and Mandy Spivak 2013