Poet:  Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891)

Source:  Les Illuminations

Date of Composition:  1939 (Mar. – Oct. 25)

Publication: Boosey & Hawkes, 1944

Voice Difficulty Level: Moderate

Subject:  I hold the key to the savage parade.

Range:  B4 – E5

Tessitura:  E5

Tempo:  Maestoso (poco presto); 4/4

Duration:  01:49

Vocal Characteristics: Repeated E5

Piano Difficulty Level:  Difficult

Accompaniment Characteristics: Piano transcription by the composer; many tremolos; instrumental lines that come out of the orchestral texture;

Additional Comments:  As this piece would likely never be performed outside of the context of this cycle the voice level of this piece does not reflect what the cycle would require.

© Nicholas Perna and Mandy Spivak 2013